Crimes against Serbs in Žepa
ATTACK ON RS ARMY MILITARY CONVOY IN ŽEPA CANYON ON JUNE 4, 1992
Organized and long prepared attacks on garrisons and military convoys of regular JNA at the beginning and in the middle of 1992 committed by Islamic fundamentalists, members of Green Berets and so-called Patriotic League, have been continued with the same intensity on regular RS Army when there was no military need for those attacks and when there were verified agreements on letting these convoys pass to their military destination in Žepa area.
Preparations and organization of perfidious attacks, after the set agreements, was done according to the same procedure as in previously mentioned attacks on JNA military convoys in Tuzla and Sarajevo, in order to destroy BH defense system and create conditions for the attack on Serbian people with the aim of their elimination and persecution – ethnical cleansing from BH area. The attack on military convoy in Žepa area showed all hypocrisy, cruelty and seriousness of crimes without precedent in the war, when the wounded and the captured were murdered in the most atrocious ways, vehicles burnt and property destroyed.
The military organizing of Muslims in Žepa region
In spite of the previous agreement with the Moslem leadership in Žepa on free passing for military convoy to the military facility and TV relay Zlovrh, Moslems, organized in Patriotic League and Green Berets, perfidiously attacked the convoy in one gorge in Žepa. On that occasion, 45 members of VRS whose names are enclosed in this information got killed, many wounded and 30 captured. Many vehicles and other equipment were burnt up and destroyed, and wounded soldiers from the convoy were, contrary to the regulations of international law, atrociously killed on the spot (KP No. 15-1/02-KU56/94-DC-1/30).
This attack was committed by special terrorist groups formed by SDA HQ in Sarajevo and Srebrenica sub-region, for the area of GOĐENJE, BRLOŽNIK and STOBORAN and other villages surrounding Žepa.
All decisions in Muslim part of the leadership were brought in meetings of the highest SDA leadership whose members were the following: Alija Izetbegović, Ejup Ganić, Haris Silajdžić, Rusmir Mahmutčehajić, Omer Behmen and sometimes Irfan Ajanović. This leadership founded “Patriotic League” as its military wing. The founding of “Patriotic League”, as illegal military organization, started in April 1991, when BH Deputy Minister of Defense, together with Sulejman Vranj and some more Muslims created Instructions on organization and acting in the field. In May 1991 the organization was named “Patriotic League”. Sefer Halilović and Rusmir Mahmutčehajić participated in its organizing and foundation. “Patriotic league” achieved the high level of military organization and it had 9 regional and 103 municipal HQs with 98.000 soldiers at the beginning of the war (BH had 109 municipalities in total). Municipalities from Eastern Bosnia were also included, especially those from Srebrenica sub-region. For Žepa and Han Pijesak municipalities everything was organized through the commander of “Patriotic League” regional HQ Čardaković Ramo, and his commander of the squad that attacked VRS military convoy was Pavlić Avdo, and for Žepa area it was Beho Kulovac. Kustura Željko supplied these terrorist formations with weapons in April 1992, and he performed that task through the authorised person of SDA – Demonjić Hazem, born in Olovo village, Goražde municipality, who lived in Sarajevo (testimony of Čavčić Mehmedalija, son of Mehmed, born in 1957 – DC-1/30). A big amount of infantry weapons was brought, among which the most numerous were AP “Kalašnjikov”. All weapons were brought to the house of Kustura Zajko. Other part of weapons came through Osmanlić Ismet, the Chief of PSS Rogatica and the President of SDA Rogatica Municipal Board. The following persons helped them distribute weapons: Imamović Mušan, Imamović Amir, Ćesko Salem, Podžić Ago and others. After Muslim terrorist units were armed, the organization of the attack on military convoy was done by Brigade Commander Osmanović Hasib with Šehić Muharem, Hasib Mulić, Mujkić Hamed and Čardaković Ibro.
The first group of diversionists was led by Omerović Hasib, and the following participated in the attack: Štitkovac Enver, Zimić Abid, Divović Hamed alias Div, Čavić Meho, Čavčić Bohodil, Zimić Ago, Mehmedović Alija, Zimić Ramiz, Omanović Ibro, Zimić Osmo, Podžić Dževad, Čavčić Hamza, Podžić Ago, Ručić Himzo, Kačević Omer, Ručić Omer, Hraljo Hamid, Hraljo Ćeman, Imamović Esad, Čavčić Sinan, Imamović Amir, Čavčić Hamdija, Imamović Mušan, Kačević Sejdalija, Ručić Ahmo, Kačević Ohran, Kačević Galib, Kačević Hamed, Kačević Edhem, Kačević Kemal, Čavić Bego, Kačević Adil, Čavić Smajo, Hodžić Ragib, Hrulja Osman, Brđanin Ago, Zimić Ibro, Brđanin Avdo, Zimić Hasan, Gluhić Himzo, Zimić Mustafa, Gluhić Ćamil, Zimić Mehmed, Gluhić Zulfo, Zimić Hamdija, Ćesko Sinan, Mešanović Rešid, Kulovac Sabid, Mešanović Ćamil, Kulovac Nezir, Hodžić Rešid, Kulovac Nedžib, Hodžić Halil, Ćesko Salim, Zimić Samedin, Dizdarević Ago, Čavčić Zejnil, Dizdarević Hasan, Ramić Hajrudin, Dizdarević Mujo, Bičić Numo, Ramić Sakib, Mujčinović Mujo, Vatreš Mustafa, Bogilović Avdo, Omanović Nusret, Lisić Halid, Kustura Himzo, Kačević Hamza, Čavčić Himzo, Hajrić Mehmed, Čavčić Omer, Ćesko Nedžad, Udovčić Jasmin, Kulovac Sead, Otajagić Ferid, Čavkušić Fuad, Holjić Fadil, Čavkušić Šefko, Branković Munib, Kulovac Benjamin, Salić Džemal, Žigić Asim, Karahodžić Iso and Čovčić Mehmedalija.
The second group, from the direction of Gođenje, was led by Šehić Kurem and Nesib Mulić, and the following participated in the attack: Ćurić Zejnil, Lilić Bajuzin, Lilić Zajko alias Žuti, Lilić Sejdalija, Lilić Selim, Džebo Hajrudin, Lilić Safet, Omerspahić Abid, Lilić Soćan, Kulić Hasib, Lilić Sejo, Hodžić Ibro, Lilić Šefik, Džabo Ismet, Lilić Remzo, Podžić Edhem, Podžić Ramiz, Džebo Suad, Lilić Ibrahim, Džebo Nedžad, Muratović Nedžad, Omerspahić Agonja, Muratović Safet, Smajić Zahid, Kamenica Hamza, Avdić Suad, Kamenica Mujo, Omerspahić Mehmed, Kamenica Ahmet, Lilić Zajko, Avdić Besim, Avdić Zenadil, Šahić Elsadet, Lilić Nasko, Muratović Hamed, Džebo Rahman, Muratović Emin, Nakić Hasan and his brother Avdić Meho alias Pero, Žigić Nijaz, Džebo Mušan, Žigić Rasim, Lilić Himzo, Žigić Zajim, Lilić Abid, Omerspahić Hurija, Džebo Meho, Omerspahić Nusret, Curić Mehmedalija, Lilić Ahmet and Muratović Dževad alias Ćiro.
The third group, from the direction of Brložnik village, was organized and commanded by Mujkić Hamed alias Hajva, and the folloeing participated in the attack: Mujkić Hasib, Mujkić Muhamed, Mujkić Ahmo, Mujkić Mehmed, Mujkić Himzo, Nuhanović Sahman, Mujkić Kadija, Nuhanović Hamzo, Mujkić Ibrahim alias Alkan, Ferlak Hajrudin, Nuhanović Sabrija, Nuhanović Mustafa, Nuhanović Neil, Nuhanović Mevludin, Nuhanović Jusuf, Nuhanović Meho, Nuhanović Sarija and Mujkić Selman.
The fourth group, from the direction of Stoborane and helped with people from Podžepolje was led and commanded by Ibro Čardaković, and the following participated in the attack: Čardaković Ramiz alias Zoran, Čardaković Alsad, Čardaković Safet, Jusufović Rašid, Bitić Mujo, Ridžal Ramiz, Sejfić Sead, Gušić Ramiz alias Cajner, Hodžić Hasan, Hodžić Zejnil, Hodžić Alija, son of Zaim, Hasanović Ekrem, Džebo Himzo, Ivojević Jusuf, Čardaković Emin alias Braco, Jusufović Hajrudin, Hodžić Hamdija, Hodžić Zejnil, Hasanović Salko and Kreštalica Mehmed.
Ambush in Žepa gorge
On June 4, 1992 in the early morning on that day, one armed RS Army battalion with several military vehicles, under the command of Major Šuka Dragan, started from Pale through Han Pijesak towards Žepa. Their task was to deliver food, water, medical and othernecessary equipment to VRS members who secured military facility and a TV relay on the Zlovrh hill, in Žepa area.
Many soldiers were murdered after being wounded or captured, when they put away their weapons as a sing of their surrender. Two members of Green Berets shot Serbian soldier Tomić Milenko, son of Diko, born on 01/11/1935 in Novi Karlovci, Inđija Municipality, Republic of Serbia, although he had thrown away his weapon and raised his hands as a sign of surrender, but due to circumstances he stayed alive. Why he was lying down severely wounded, Tomić was listening to cries of other captured Serbian soldiers who begged Moslem to kill them instead of torture the. According to the statement of witnesses of this event, one unidentified helpless severely wounded member of VRS was killed by Lilić Nasko, and the other also unidentified severely wounded VRS member was killed by Kačević Edhem (other data on the mentioned executors of these crimes are in explanation of criminal charge under items 3 and 4). It was impossible to identify murdered soldiers for their bodies were burnt up after the murder and their corpses were carbonized.
According to obtained evidence and insinuations, the main organizers of the attack on VRS military convoy, of killing the wounded and the captured, and finally of massacring and burning down of corpses were: Čardaković Ramo, Šahić Hurem, Lilić Nasko, Kačević Edhem, Palić Avdo, Mujkić Hamed, Jusufović Rašid, Ridžal Ramiz, Džebo Rahman, Muratović Hamed, Čardaković Emin, Hulovac Benjamin, Omanović Hasib and Dizdarević Ago (other data on these persons are stated in the explanation of the charge). They have, contrary to regulations of the Geneva Convention on Treatment of War Prisoners from 12/08/1949, ordered murdering and murdered helpless wounded and captured soldiers, committed sacrileges and burnt their corpses, for what there is photo documentation under Nos. 1-13 and reports of pathologist. In most of the cases it was impossible for experts to determine the cause of death and even to identify 9 bodies, which were greatly damaged by burning.
During the operational research on this crime against wounded and captured VRS soldiers, military medical facility and on the breach of the agreement of the cooperation and maintenance of Zlovrh relay near Žepa, a number of witnesses were heard, photo documents of burnt and exhumed bodies of young soldiers and other medical documentation obtained and all that is included in the charge. Among all testimonies, it is important to look into the testimony given by Lilić Smail, son of Idriz, born in 1949 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality, who was a active member of Moslem military formation that attacked the convoy as well as the testimony of Todorović Milorad, son of Boriša, born in 1954 in Prača, Pale Municipality, who experienced golgotha of this VRS battalion.
In his testimony, Lilić Smail stated: “In the beginning of May 1992, I started to Han Pijesak together with the workers from Gođenje, Podžeplje and Žepa, to get the salary and we were sent back. Upon my arrival to Gođenje, meetings of SDA higher leadership were held. A TO unit for the area of Gođenje, Podžeplje and other Moslem villages from Han Pijesak Municipality was formed at the beginning. The main person in that HQ was Čardaković Ramo and Šahić Hurem and Hasanović Salih were also members of the HQ. Weapons for that unit were obtained earlier through Mujkić Himza, President of SDA for Han Pijesak. Each person who received weapons had to pay for it, some of them even 800 DM. At that time there were no actions, but only guards were held. Some time during May 1992, Palić Avdo was appointed as a TO unit Commander and Čardaković Ramo as TO Regional HQ Commander, covering the area of Žepa and Han Pijesak. Squad Commander for Gođenje and Podžeplje area was Palić Avdo, and for Žepa area it was Beno Kulovac. The HQ was moved to Žepa. At the same time, a unit of militia commanded by Šahić Hurem was formed. Osmanović Hasib from Žepa was also active in leadership.
Then the oath was signed and all conscripts were obliged to do it, so I did it too. Then I was sent to work, and I had to do physical labor. At that time the unit in our area had two snipers carried by Kamenica Hamza and Čardaković Emin. Ridžail Ramiz, Džebo Rahman, Muratović Hamed and Lilić Nasko were distinguished for their extremism.
Sometime in the beginning of June, Žepa Squad blocked Zlovrh where JNA was placed. In the morning, a courier from Srebrenica came to the HQ in Gođenje where Čardaković Ramo was, and he said that an army convoy of vehicles and tanks was going down the road towards Žepa. I know that Ramo has said several times to let the convoy through and not prevent their free passing. Ramo ordered everybody to evacuate their respective families into shelters and that was done. Army convoy came from Stoborani towards Gođenja, some time before noon. There were around 30 vehicles, several tanks, trucks, cars and busses. The Army passed through villages peacefully – they laughed and told us not to run away and threw us some cigarettes. From Gođenje, the convoy went towards Brložnik. After the convoy left, Čardaković Ramo came and ordered me to cut down three trees, with a power saw, over the road in order to block the road, down which the convoy went. In Šećerov Lager I found Lilić Sejo on the road. He was cutting down the trees but he did not know how to put them over the road, so I took the power saw from him and cut down three trees over the road. In my opinion, the aim of that roadblock was to prevent the convoy from turning back as well as to prevent any possible help to them. After I finished with that, I went back to my wife and my children. A heavy shooting could be heard at that time. Standing next to the stable, I was watching the fight between the army and people from ambush. The ambush was set up in Luke, on the crossroads for Gođenje, Purtići and Han Pijesak and the convoy were attacked when some vehicles were already across the wooden bridge. Commander of the ambush was Mujkić Hamed with his soldiers from Brležnik. Later on, a unit from Podžeplje, commanded by Jusupović Rešid, came to help. The fight did not last for a long time and the convoy went on towards Luke, without any major stopping. The convoy was shot at while passing through. The convoy was moving down the road in front of the house of Mujkić Himzo, when I saw Čardaković Ramo and Šahić Hurem together with soldiers from Gođenje, Tobarani and other villages, at least 150 of them getting involved in the fight attacking the convoy from direction of Grobići and along the river. The hardest fight was in Kulevkina Ograda where the convoy was stopped and the road blocked on both sides. That is the place where quarry is, at the border of Han Pijesak and Rogatica municipalities, before Berak village. The attack was done from all sides, because that spot is very convenient for ambushing, being placed in a gorge. Žepa Squad commanded by Kunovac Beno, was attacking from direction of Berak, and our Squad, commanded by Palić Avdo, from the opposite direction. From direction of Radava, the attack was done by the Squad commanded by Mujkić Hamed and from direction of Gođenje by the Squad commanded by Čardaković Ramo and Šahić Hurem. People from Podžeplje, Plana and Krivača attacked together with people from Brložnik. The struggle lasted till 20,30 hrs when it was finished with the total defeat of the army in convoy. I have heard that during this struggle Sarija Nuhanović, from Brložnik, set a car tire on fire and threw it among army vehicles, what caused vehicles in convoy to burn. I do not know exactly what was happening during the fight, because at that time I was in the cave, bellow the house of Hamed Smajić. I have heard later that especially active in that fight were Hakić Hasan, who was carrying a machine gun M-53, Muratović Hamid, Curić Zejmil and Dizdarević Ago. In the evening I was in Gođenje village and saw 31 prisoners brought to a school. They were brought by the unit commanded by Šahić Hurem and Čardaković Ramo. Several prisoners were wounded, one of them severely, who was brought in a tent fly and died the next morning. The prisoners were placed in a small room in school, into which even 10 of them would be hardly placed, so I don’t know how 30 of them were managed inside. The wounded were taken care of by a male nurse Džibo Himza. After that I went home. Bodies of dead soldiers and burnt down vehicles remained on the spot. A great amount of weapons and ammunition was seized on that occasion. I know that two
vehicles were also seized- ambulance was driven by Curić Zejmil and a truck by Kamenica Hamza. Next morning, about 20 of us who were there taken to work, under command of Džebo Mušan were sent to the spot. Every one, who had a gun, took it with him. I did not have any weapons, so I tool nothing. I was together with Lilić Himzo, Lilić Ahmed and Lilić Abid. When we came to the spot, we met Lilić Nasko and around 50 people from Brložnik. It was a complete chaos – many corpses and many burnt and carbonized bodies. We searched the terrain looking for weapons, ammunition and other equipment. I saw one wounded soldier who was standing with his arm against the stable wall. I walked beside him and 10-15 minutes later I heard a shot and saw that the wounded soldier was killed. Later, I heard that Kačević, whose first name I don’t know, killed him. That Kačević person is young, around 20 years old, blond, from Purtići. His brother is Kačević Hamed who worked in SIP “Planinsko”.
I found the other wounded soldier on the road, who was all covered in blood. While I was passing by him, he asked me to get his cigarettes out of his pocket what I did. I took already open package of cigarettes from his pocket together with the lighter, and then took out one cigarette, lit it up, and gave it to him. He told me to take one cigarette as well, and later he gave me remaining cigarettes and told me “Take it, I won’t need it anymore”. Then I was called by Curić Zejmil and as I was going towards him, I heard a gun shot and it was obvious who did it – Lilić Nasko, who shot him in the chest from semi-automatic rifle. I immediately approached the soldier and I saw him dead with the half of the cigarette still between his fingers. After the weapons and equipment were collected, we returned to the village.
On the same day, as my wife, father and sister-in-law told me, five soldiers with weapons running away from the spot passed by the cave they were in. The soldiers asked them for the shortest way to the nearest Serbian village and they gave one chocolate to each of the children (7 of them). My sister-in-law showed them the way to Mislove. Later, I heard that they took the road to Berovac and one of them got killed there, but the others made it. Two our soldiers – Nurko Brgulja and Jusuf Dumenjić got killed in Berovac on that occasion.
None of our soldiers got killed during the attack on the convoy but some of them were wounded. After the action, blocked soldiers in Zlovrh surrendered to the Žepa unit and I know that they were released later and they came through Gođenje and Stobran to Jelovce.
After 2-3 days, the attack of Serbian army followed and they managed to reach the spot of ambush where the soldiers from convoy got killed. There was no stronger resistance of our soldiers. During that attack, a shop was shelled and the prisoners from the school escaped. Serbian army took all the bodies from the spot. Later, Čardaković Ramo used to say that it had been a mistake to attack the convoy and that they shouldn’t have done it. Afterwards, the Squad was named “4th June”, after the event.”
The statement of Lilić who was the attacker corresponds pretty much to the statement of Todorović who was the defender, who stated:
“In the early morning on 04/06/1992, my company, to which I belonged as a soldier of Republic of Srpska, started to Zlovrh in Žepa area, in order to deliver food, medical and other equipment to VRS soldiers who were securing the transmitter. Before we started, Battalion Commander Major Šuka informed us that he had been in that area during previous days and that he agreed with the villagers passing of our convoy, so he expected no problems. The convoy was escorted by one tank, two transporters and one anti-aircraft canon, in any case. Arriving to Jelovci, Han Pijesak Municipality, we found first roadblocks made of tree logs and it wasn’t clear to me if they were put by our army or Moslems from this area. After we passed those first roadblocks, we went through first Moslem village before the canyon and as we saw no villagers, we proceeded towards Zlovrh. On stiff cliffs on both sides of the canyon, I noticed bunkers and parapets but I saw no people in them. Somewhere in that direction I saw two young man and one woman who greeted us while we passed along and soon we came to a village with a Mosque, where we took the turn for Zlovrh. After we passed the village in which we saw a number of men and women hurrying towards the wood, we reached up to a bridge that was destroyed. We got off, intending to mend the bridge and while doing so, Moslems from that area attacked us from infantry weapons without any warning. We got sheltered and responded to their fire, and after the bridge was mended and the fire ceased, we got into the vehicles and moved on. There we got first wounding of our men. After we crossed the river, we came to a ravine between two hills where the Moslems heavily attacked us from all sides. And we had to get off, find shelters around vehicles and respond to the fire. There was panic and mess because many of my comrades were wounded and some of them got killed. Moslems shot the drivers first, so new drivers had to replace them and move on, and some vehicles had to be moved off the road because they were heavily damaged. After we passed through the ravine, we found ourselves in a plain where majority of my comrades got killed and we fought Moslem from that area for a long time. The convoy was cut off because some vehicles remained damaged. I was at the end of the first half of the convoy so we managed to go through the plain and as we moved forward, we kept finding barricades that we removed. In front of us we heard Moslems cutting down trees with power saws making barricades for us. They planned and prepared that earlier, by cutting into them, and as we were approaching, those trees were pulled down. It was not long before we came to a huge barricade, made of tree logs that was not possible to remove even with a power saw, so we tried to remove it with a tank and we failed. The tank got off the road and got stuck, so we couldn’t move on. Commander Major Šuka took around 20 people and went towards Zlovrh that was allegedly not far away, trying to get through and get in touch with the Command in Pale, since our radio as damaged, in order to ask for help and consult for further actions. After some time, Šuka and his people came, carrying one dead soldier and told us that one soldier remained there, for they could not take him out. He also told us that he did not manage to get through to Zlovrh because he ran into their bunkers, where Moslems attacked them with infantry weapons. There were no armed conflicts in that area at that time and regarding the agreement with Major Šuka, we were surprised by perfidious attack. If we were to expect it, we would go in different formation and not as many of us would get killed. We spent the night between Thursday and Friday there and it was heavily raining all night long. We put the wounded under the vehicles and into transporters and the dead on trucks while we took the position around the vehicles and kept guarding as much as possible.
And they kept attacking us on that spot. Taking into account the terrain and stiff cliffs on both sides, Moslems kept throwing tree logs and big rocks on us and our vehicles, so many vehicles got damaged and some people injured. During the next day, Moslems kept attacking us from infantry weapons and we managed to establish a connection with our Command in Pale and they told us that the help was on the way. During that first night, Mićo Tomić managed to come to us from last cut-off part of the convoy and he told us that all people from that part of the convoy were killed and burnt up, and that he managed to escape. However, not all the people from that part were killed, some of them were captured and later released by our unit that came to rescue. On 06/06/1992 (Saturday morning) our rescue team came from the direction of Han Pijesak. They managed to get through only to place where the convoy was cut off and where the other part of the convoy remained, so Major Šuka told us that we had to get through to them with the rest of the vehicles. We put the wounded into transporters and the dead on the vehicles and we did as we were told. While going back we found barricades again that were by Moslems in the meantime. As we reached the river, we found the bridge destroyed again, so we had to mend it again. Moslems kept shooting on us from the nearby cliffs. During that attack, three young men who came to help us got killed and I don’t know if anybody was wounded. After we crossed the river, we managed to reach free area around Han Pijesak and in the afternoon of that day a small group of us who survived arrived at Pale.
I wish to emphasize that upon our arrival to the place where we met the rescue team, we saw a horrible scene – our comrades lying dead on and about the road, many corpses carbonized for they were wet with fuel and burnt up. We collected those bodies, so that none either dead or wounded who was not far from the road, remained, except for one part of those who got lost and remained.”
Victims of the crime
A. Killed VRS soldiers
1. Babić Risto, son of Dušan, born on 09/06/1939, last residency in Hreša, (other data unknown) 2. Borovčanin Radenko, son of Risto, born on 25/05/1937, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown.
3. Caić Slobodan, son of Milanko, born on 20/02/1952 in Nepravdići, Sokolac municipality, resided in Pale at the address 3. April bb 4. Cerovina Mladen, son of Ranko and Kovilja, maiden name Škipina, born on 29/11/1958 in Prača, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address Magistralni put 29
5. Cicović Mićo, son of Grujo, born on 11/12/1953 in Sjetlina, Pale Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 49 6. Gaćo Novo, son of Miloš, born on 14/01/1951, (other data unknown) 7. Jokić Novica, son of Neđo and Anđa, maiden name Petričević, born on 07/01/1959 in Košare, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Bjelogorci, Pale Municipality
8. Jugović Drago, son of Pavle, born on 22/04/1947, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown) 9. Klačar Dragan, son of Maksim, born on 05/05/1960, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown)
10. Klačar Mile, son of Maksim, born on 07/12/1957, last residency in Ilijaš, (other data unknown) 11. Klačar Nedeljko, son of Tadija and Persa, maiden name Lazić, born on 01/01/1951 in Ljubovošta, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Donja Ljubovošta
12. Komadan Vaso, son of Krsto, born on 28/05/1960, last residency in Ljubovošta, Pale, (other data unknown) 13. Kostović Niko, son of Ljubo, born on 14/09/1948 in Vranjevići, Foča Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address M. Simovića 7
14. Lazarević Dragoslav, son of Jovan, born on 22/01/1951, last residency in Ljubovošta, Pale, (other data unknown) 15. Lazarević Drago, son of Mirko and Stana, maiden name Cirić, born on 29/10/1948 in Pale, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, at the address Romanijska 41
16. Lazarević Radomir, son of Tomo and Mitra, maiden name Tomić, born on 03/12/1965 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resided, Serb 17. Lazarević Neđo, son of Vlado and Rada, maiden name Lizdek, born on 01/04/1951 in Donji Pribanj, Pale Municipality, Serb, metal-turner, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 12/2
18. Lopatić Petar, son of Sreto and Danica, maiden name Vuković, born on 21/04/1954 in Donja Ljubovošta, Pale Municipality, resided in the place of birth, Serb 19. Lučić Vuk, son of Savo and Tomka, maiden name Bukera, born on 20/02/1951 in Bare, Pale Municipality, Serb, Traffic Engineer, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 35
20. Mastilo Tomo, son of Jovo and Jovana, maiden name Golijanin, born on 09/09/1943 in Ukšići, Foča Municipality, Serb, resided in Kremenita brda, Pale Municipality 21. Mihaljović Novica, son of Momir, born on 24/01/1965, last residency in Pale, (other data unknown)22. Milutinović Branko, son of Vojislav and Jovanka, born on 31/05/1968 in Sarajevo, Mechanical Technician, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address S. V. Čiče 3 23. Muharemović Novak, son of Spasoje, born on 20/02/1956 in Kalauzovići, Sokolac Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, S. V. Čiče 8
24. Okuka Milovan, son of Momčilo, born on 16/07/1957, driver of ambulance, last residency in Sarajevo 25. Pandurević Srđan, son of Spaso and Mila, maiden name Knežević, born on 11/01/1960 in Jasik, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Jasik
26. Pavlović Zdravko, son of Bojo and Zora, maiden name Zeljaja, born on 02/10/1959 in Gornje Pale, Pale Municipality, Serb, Mechanical Technician, working in Pale 27. Pavlović Nenad, son of Bojo and Zorka, maiden name Zeljaja, born on 17/08/1959 in Gornje Pale, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 41,
28. Petronić Branislav, son of Milan and Milena, born on 04/07/1955 in Sarajevo, Serb, metal-turner, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 11, missing. 29. Ljepić Dražen, son of Marko, born on 26/07/1967, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown)
30. Radović Miroslav, son of Momčilo and Milka, maiden name Andrić, born on 30/04/1970 in Sarajevo, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address Magistralni put 31 31. Radović Obren, son of Slobodan, born in 1950 with last residency in Sarajevo (other data unknown)
32. Radonja Mirko, son of Dragomir, born in 1965, (other data unknown) 33. Samardžija Delivoje, son of Mališa and Mitra, maiden name Bajagić, born on 17/08/1959 in Rogatica, Rogatica Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 109 34. Simanić Komljen, son of Gavro, born on 02/07/1938 in Hotočina, Pale Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in Pale, at the address Jahorinska bb 35. Srdanović Radomir, son of Sretko and Radinka, maiden name Kovačević, born on 15/10/1969 in Sarajevo, resided in Pale, at the address 3. Aprila 75, Serb 36. Stanišić Boško, born on 06/02/1945 in Donja Ljobovošta, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in the place of birth 37. Stanišić Radislav, son of Petar and Sava, maiden name Janković, born on 23/03/1952 in Ljubovošta, Pale Municipality, resided in Donja Ljubovošta, Serb 38. Stanišić Radenko, son of Svetozar, born on 14/07/1953, last residency in Kozja ćuprija – Stari grad, Sarajevo, (other data unknown) 39. Tadić Predrag, son of Vaso, born in 1965, (other data unknown) 40. Tomić Stana, daughter of Novo, born on 22/04/1955, a nurse, last residency in Pale, (other data unknown) 41. Veljović Milomir, son of Stjepan, born on 21/07/1956 in Podložnik, Pale Municipality, Serb, driver, resided in place of birth 42. Veselinović Lazar, son of Mlađan, born on 15/03/1941, last residency in Sarajevo, (other data unknown) 43. Veselinović Miroslav, son of Savo and Dragica, maiden name Andrić, born on 22/11/1965 in Sarajevo, resided in Ljubogošta, Pale, graduated from Economy High School 44. Vukadin Branislav, son of Kosta and Vukosava, maiden name Samardžić, born on 10/06/1956 in Grabovica, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Pale, at the address S. V. Čiče 11 45. Vuković Momčilo, son of Ilija and Milena, maiden name Andrić, born on 02/03/0943 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, Serb, resided in Ljubogošta.
Wounded VRS soldiers
1. Babić Dragan, son of Petar, born in 19502. Blagojević Radomir, son of Gajo and Rajka, maiden name Kusmuk, born on 01/02/1960 in Gornji Pribanj, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Trifka Grabeža bb 3. Božović Mile, son of Zdravko and Stoja, maiden name Babić, born on 13/02/1962 in Rogatica, residing in Pale, Milana Simovića bb.
4. Brezo Nikola, son of Gojko and Radojka, maiden name Samardžić, born on 11/11/1949 in Buđ, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Pere Kosorića 4. 5. Cerovina Branislav, son of Veljko, born on 05/02/1966 in Donja Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resides
6. Ćosović Drago, son of Sekula and Milena, maiden name Bojković, born on 01/08/1969 in Gluhovići, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Omladinska 24 7.Dragaš Boro, son of Dušan, born in 1946 8. Drobnjak Vitomir, son of Radenko and Jelisaveta, born on 04/09/1962 in Resići, Rudo Municipality, residing in Pale, Pere Kosorića 16
9. Goreta Jovica, son of Miroslav and Milanka, maiden name Kablar, born on 13/08/1971 in Sarajevo, residing in Pale, S. V. Čiče 9 10. Grčić Veljko, son of Rajko and Milka, maiden name Ćaić, born on 06/03/1961 in Nepravdići, Sokolac Municipality, residing in Pale, S. V. Čiče 161
11. Jokić Mirko, son of Petko, born in 1967 12. Kosmajac Goran, son of Panto, born in 1965 13. Kusmuk Milkan, son of Boriša and Milka, born on 09/12/1957 in Pale, residing in Pale, Vrelo Miljacke bb 14. Lazarević Spaso, son of Milan and Zora, maiden name Santrač, born on 20/10/1955 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Ljubogošta. 15. Lazarević Milinko, son of Milorad and Milena, maiden name Bunjevac, born on 07/09/1952 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, residing in Ljubogošta, Pale. 16. Lopatić Arso, son of Nikola and Cvijeta, maiden name Lazarević, born on 24/05/1954 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resides. 17. Lopatić Slobodan, son of Sekula, born in 1969 18. Lučić Tomislav, son of Risto, born in 1963 19. Milinković Darko, son of Milan and Marija, maiden name Badnjak, born on 19/02/1970 in Osijek, Croatia, residing in Pale, Mihajla Čvore 105. 20. Mojović Desimir, son of Novak and Milica, maiden name Todorović, born on 25/03/1969 in Vrbica, Foča Municipality, residing in Pale, Kremenita brda bb 21. Obradović Aleksandar, son of Neđo, born in 1969. 22. Pavlović Slaviša, son of Nebojša, born in 1963 23. Poljaković Zoran, son of Mlađo and Pejka, maiden name Šarac, born on 15/11/1963 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, where he resides 24. Samardžić Zdravko, son of Ranko, born in 1957. 25. Samardžić Miodrag, son of Veljko and Plema, maiden name Klačar, born on 02/11/1959 in Sarajevo, residing in Pale, Koran bb 26. Savić Nenad, son of Krsto, born in 1948. 27. Simović Miloš, son of Ostoja and Stana, maiden name Todorović, born on 20/07/1957 in Jabuka, Foča Municipality, residing in Pale, Vrelo Miljacke bb 28. Šarac Ivo, son of Drago and Milena, maiden name Radović, born on 28/02/1954 in Bogovići, Pale Municipality, residing in Gornje Pale bb 29. Timotić Radoslav, son of Manojlo, born on 25/06/1958 in Vučija Luka, Stari grad – Sarajevo Municipality, residing in Pale, Drvarska bb 30. Tomić Boško, son of Đorđe and Zora, maiden name Pandurević, born on 20/01/1949 in Zabojska, Trnovo Municipality, residing in Pale, 3. Aprila 41 31. Veselinović Slobodan, son of Ljubo and Milojka, born on 27/07/1961 in Ljubogošta, Pale Municipality, residing in Pale, Omladinska 11.
NOTE: Beside victims’ names are names of villages they got killed in. In most cases these are places of their birth or their pre-war residences.
During the research of the attack on military convoy committed on June 4,5 and 6, 1992, it is determined that there is reasonable doubt that the crime against wounded and captured soldiers of VRS was committed by:
1. Čardaković Emin alias Braco, son of Beg, born on 11/02/1964 in Han Pijesak. Kulovac Benjamin alias Beno, son of Šaban and Osmana, born on 01/11/1963 in Rogatica, a doctor 2. Čardaković Ramo, son of Osman and Temina, born on 18/04/1957 in Stoborani village, Han Pijesak Municipality. 3. Dizdarević Ago, son of Mušan and Haska, born on 01/12/1954 in Borovac, Rogatica Municipality, a forester 4. Džebo Rahman, son of Himzo, born on 10/05/1941 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality. Muratović Hamed, son of Hasib and Šahija, born on 14/11/1931 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality. 5. Jusupović Rešid, son of Mujo, born on 10/05/1940 in Podžeplje, Han Pijesak Municipality. Ridžald Ramiz, son of Šaćir, born on 12/02/1951 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak Municipality Omanović Hasib, son of Asim and Tima, born on 08/08/1941 in Žepa, Rogatica Municipality 6. Kačević Edhem, son of Sejdalija and Havka, born on 20/11/1970 in Prutići, Rogatica Municipality 7. Kulovac Benjamin, son of Šaban, called Beno, born on 01/11/1963 in Rogatica, a doctor 8. Lilić Nasko, son of Nezir, born on 16/01/1952 in Gođenje village, Han Pijesak Municipality, former employee of ŠIP “Planinsko”, residing in the place of birth 9. Mujkić Hamed, son of Avdo and Hajrija, born on 25/07/1937 in Brložnik, Han Pijesak Municipality 10. Muratović Hamed, son of Hasib, born on 14/11/1931 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak municipality 11. Omanović Hasib, son of Asim, born on 08/08/1941 in Žepa, Rogatica municipality 12. Palić Avdo, son of Murat and Muška, born on 04/04/1958 in Krivača, Han Pijesak Municipality, Mechanical Engineer, former employee of High School Center in Vlasenica 13. Ridžal Ramiz, son of Šaćir, born on 12/02/1951 in Gođenje, Han Pijesak municipality 14. Šahić Hurem, son of Murat and Đulka, born on 10/07/1960 in Gođenje village, Han Pijesak Municipality, a militiaman, former employee of PSS Han Pijesak.
Above listed persons are suspected for committing criminal acts of the war crime against the wounded and the sick, and the war crime against war prisoners (articles 143 and 144 of RS Criminal Law).
Armed activities of Muslim formations after the ambush
Except his description of ambush in Žepa canyon, Lilić Smail described in his statement several other actions of armed Muslim formations conducted in Žepa area in the second half of 1992:
“On 20/06/1992 Kamenica Hamza, Hakić Hasan, Curić Zejnil and Ridžal Ramiz went out on reconnaissance towards Serbs” lines in the direction of Brestovače. I heard from themthat on that occasion they killed Simić Debar and not his brother Borisav. They told that Simić tried to make an ambush for them but Hakić Haso saw him first, shot him and most probably killed him.
On 07/07/1992 I heard that one of our groups that was going towards Crna Rijeka killed one officer from an ambush. The officer was alone in a car and heard that they took one radio-station and one pistol from him. They also said that they let a van full of people pass. I know that people from Krivača did, it but I don’t know precisely who did it.
In August I went with my family to Radava. I knew that the action to attack Žep hill, where the Serbian army was placed, was being prepared. That action was planned by Palić Avdo. 20-30 of the most extreme people from Srebrenica came to help our Squad out. I heard when the attack started – it was early morning when villages of Borovine and Jelovci were attacked. Palić Avdo led the attack on Žep and our soldiers together with people from Srebrenica and Žepa attacked Bolovci and Borovina. That happened on 07/08/1993. I know that they captured Žep and detained 10-12 soldiers and seized the weapons. I heard that in Borovina they slaughtered Borovina Slavko who was ill and unable to move as well as his father Marko and his mother All out soldiers used to claim that people from Srebrenica did it. I know that on Borovine one group was led by Muratović Dževad alias Ćiro, who took with him mostly people from Gođenje: Džebo, Lilić Nasko, Lilić Bajruzin, Čardaković Ibro, Čardaković Mehmedalija, Halimanović Ismet, Omerspahić Agonja, Avdić Salko alias Div, Lilić Ramiz, Lilić Tufe, Jusufović Enes and Sajfić Ismet alias Crta who was wounded then together with Lilić Teufik alias Tufe.
I know that Brđanin Hrustem participated in that action; Šahić Hurem who led Militia Squad certainly participated in it as well. To his unit belonged: Avdić Meho, Džebo Hajrudin, Omerspahić Hamdija, Podžić Edhem, Hakić Hasan, Žigić Nijaz, Lilić Šemsudin, Čardaković and Sejfić Ismet alias Crta. Crta was wounded by the shell, just bellow the place of Jelovci, while they were retreating, as was Lilić Teufik.
After that event, the captured soldiers from Žep were exchanged for flour and fuel. Then, the Serbian army attacked our lines.
In the action of Serbian soldiers for taking the corpses of Serbian soldiers killed on 04/06/1992, the following people got killed: Avdić Meho, Džebo Hajrudin, Omerspahić Nurija, Omerspahić Hamdija and Žigić Nijaz. In later struggles the following got killed: Lilić Šemsudin, Lilić Šefik, Zvejzović Samija, Lilić Ramiz, Avdić Salko alias Div, Curić Zejmil and Muratović Hamed.
Some time later in Stoborani, two Serbian soldiers were killed from an ambush and I later heard that they were Mitrović Radenko and Rubež Simo. I don’t know who killed them, but I suppose that Ridžal Ramiz was in that ambush and that he killed Mitrović. I heard him saying: “I had a good action last night”. I am 100% sure that Ridžal Ramiz participated in the attack on Borovine.
On several occasions, Hakić Hasan, Kamenica Hamza and Kamenica Ahmed brought cows stolen from Serbs in Brestovača. I know that then they stole cows from Dobrilović Pero.
In the end of August 1992, I was in Srebrenica buying some corn in exchange for necklaces and rings of my children. Then I heard that our people attacked Serbs and that some of them got killed. I have been with my wife and children in Radava till February 1993. When humanitarian aid was delivered in Žepa, I went there to take it for my family. The list
was with Jusupović Jusuf and he told me that I was not in the list and that I should go to Commander Palić Avdo. He also turned me down, because I was not in the army. I went back to Radava to my wife, and told her everything. We agreed to go to Han Pijesak and surrender for there was nothing else we could do. I started from Radava with my wife, children and father and we spent the night in Cavčići with my brother-in-law, Hamdo Smajić. On the next day, we started towards Jelovci to surrender but we were stopped when entering Gođenje by Zimić Osmo and Hrulja Ibro and sent back. I told my wife that I was going to surrender myself and that she should take the kids to Srebrenica somehow, so I went to Podžeplje where I surrendered to Serbian army.
I know that Šahić Hurem went to Goražde on several occasions for black marketing, from where he was bringing tobacco and changed it for flour.”